Chemical bonding and structure

Chemical bonding - lasting attraction between particles - is electrostatic in nature (attraction between positive and negative) although the character of the bonding depends on the chemical species involved. Chemical structure is the (microscopic) spatial arrangement of particles, often in repeating patterns, that gives a substance particular macroscopic (large scale) properties.



  • Covalent bonding

    Our model of covalent bonding is based on the Bohr model of the atom. We often think of a covalent bond as a shared pair of electrons (which it is) but be aware of the full definition that needs to be learned: A covalent bond is the electrostatic attractio

  • Covalent structure

    Our model of covalent bonding and structure is based on the Bohr model of the atom and represented with Lewis diagrams. Lewis diagrams can be drawn with dots and crosses to show outer-shell electrons, or with lines that represent a pair of outer-shell elec

  • Further aspects of covalent bonding

    This page is due for completion over the next week, but is not yet complete - please refer to the Start Here page for completed sections.

  • Hybridization

    This page is due for completion over the next week, but is not yet complete - please refer to the Start Here page for completed sections.

  • Intermolecular forces

    This page is due for completion over the next week, but is not yet complete - please refer to the Start Here page for completed sections.

  • Ionic bonding and structure

    Our model of ionic bonding is based on the Bohr model of the atom and represented with Lewis (dot-cross) diagrams. Ensure that you know the basics; how to work out the formulae of ionic compounds, including committing to memory the polyatomic ions. Don't f

  • Metallic bonding

    This page is due for completion over the next week, but is not yet complete - please refer to the Start Here page for completed sections.